Creating a CloudFormation Stack - Tutorial

AWS CloudFormation enables you to provision and manage your infrastructure as code. By creating a CloudFormation stack, you can easily deploy and manage a collection of AWS resources in a predictable and repeatable manner. In this tutorial, we will walk through the steps to create a CloudFormation stack using the AWS Management Console.


Before you begin, make sure you have the following prerequisites in place:

  • An AWS account with appropriate permissions to create CloudFormation stacks.
  • A CloudFormation template that defines the AWS resources you want to create.

Creating a CloudFormation Stack

Follow the steps below to create a CloudFormation stack:

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console and navigate to the CloudFormation service.
  2. Click on the "Create stack" button.
  3. Choose the template source. You can select from options such as Amazon S3, AWS CloudFormation Designer, or provide a template directly in the editor.
  4. Specify the template file or URL, depending on the chosen template source.
  5. Click on "Next" to proceed to the stack details.
  6. Provide a stack name, which should be unique within your AWS account.
  7. Fill in any required parameters for the template.
  8. Configure any additional stack options, such as tags or IAM roles.
  9. Review the stack details and click on "Create stack" to initiate the stack creation process.
  10. Monitor the stack creation progress in the CloudFormation console. You can view the status, events, and any potential errors.
  11. Once the stack creation is complete, you can access and manage your AWS resources through the CloudFormation stack.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

  • Not validating the CloudFormation template before creating the stack, which can lead to errors during the deployment.
  • Missing or incorrect input parameters for the template, causing resource provisioning issues.
  • Not monitoring the stack creation process or overlooking error messages and events.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • Can I update a CloudFormation stack after it is created?

    Yes, you can update a CloudFormation stack by modifying the template or changing stack parameters. CloudFormation performs a change set analysis and applies the required changes to your stack resources.

  • How can I delete a CloudFormation stack?

    You can delete a CloudFormation stack using the CloudFormation console, AWS CLI, or SDKs. Deleting a stack removes all associated resources provisioned by the stack.

  • Can I reuse CloudFormation templates?

    Yes, CloudFormation templates are reusable. You can create multiple stacks from the same template, allowing you to provision identical infrastructure in different environments.

  • What happens if a stack creation/update fails?

    If a stack creation or update fails, CloudFormation automatically rolls back the changes to the previous stack state. This ensures that your infrastructure remains consistent and helps prevent partial or incomplete deployments.

  • Can I import existing resources into a CloudFormation stack?

    Yes, you can import existing resources into a CloudFormation stack using resource import operations. This allows you to manage and track those resources within CloudFormation.


Creating a CloudFormation stack is a straightforward process that allows you to provision and manage AWS resources with ease. By following the steps outlined in this tutorial and avoiding common mistakes, you can effectively leverage CloudFormation to deploy and manage your infrastructure as code.