Pushing Docker Images to Amazon Elastic Container Registry (ECR) in AWS ECS

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Amazon Elastic Container Registry (ECR) is a fully managed container registry provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS). It allows you to store, manage, and deploy Docker container images. When working with Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS), pushing Docker images to ECR is a crucial step in deploying and running containers. This tutorial will guide you through the process of pushing Docker images to ECR in ECS.

Step-by-Step Guide to Pushing Docker Images to ECR

  1. Create an ECR repository: Start by creating a repository in ECR that will serve as the destination for your Docker images.
  2. Configure authentication: Ensure that your local Docker CLI is properly authenticated with your AWS credentials to access ECR.
  3. Build your Docker image: Use the Docker CLI to build your Docker image using the appropriate Dockerfile and the docker build command.
  4. Tag the Docker image: Tag the built image with the ECR repository URI using the docker tag command.
  5. Push the Docker image: Push the tagged Docker image to ECR using the docker push command.

Example: Pushing a Docker Image to ECR

Here's an example of pushing a Docker image to ECR using the Docker CLI:

$ docker build -t my-image:latest .
$ aws ecr create-repository --repository-name my-repo --region us-east-1
$ docker tag my-image:latest .dkr.ecr..amazonaws.com/my-repo:latest
$ aws ecr get-login-password --region us-east-1 | docker login --username AWS --password-stdin .dkr.ecr..amazonaws.com
$ docker push .dkr.ecr..amazonaws.com/my-repo:latest

Common Mistakes

  • Not properly configuring AWS credentials or authentication, resulting in access denied errors when trying to push images to ECR.
  • Using incorrect repository names or URIs when tagging or pushing Docker images.
  • Forgetting to build the Docker image before attempting to push it to ECR.
  • Not having the necessary permissions to create ECR repositories or push images to existing repositories.
  • Ignoring security best practices, such as not encrypting Docker images in transit or at rest in ECR.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Can I use ECR with other container orchestration tools besides ECS?

    Yes, you can use ECR with other container orchestration tools like Kubernetes or Docker Swarm. ECR is a standalone container registry that can be used independently.

  2. Can I control access to my ECR repositories?

    Yes, you can control access to your ECR repositories using AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) policies. You can define fine-grained permissions to control who can push or pull images from your repositories.

  3. How can I ensure the security of my Docker images in ECR?

    You can ensure the security of your Docker images in ECR by implementing best practices such as encrypting images in transit using HTTPS and encrypting images at rest using AWS Key Management Service (KMS) keys.

  4. Can I push Docker images to ECR from my local development environment?

    Yes, you can push Docker images to ECR from your local development environment as long as you have the necessary authentication and credentials configured. Ensure that you have the AWS CLI installed and properly configured with your AWS credentials.

  5. Can I use ECR to store private Docker images?

    Yes, ECR is designed to store private Docker images. By default, repositories in ECR are private, and you can control access to them using IAM policies and resource-level permissions.


Pushing Docker images to Amazon Elastic Container Registry (ECR) is an essential step in leveraging the capabilities of Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS). By following the step-by-step guide, avoiding common mistakes, and understanding the FAQs, you can successfully push your Docker images to ECR and utilize them for deploying and running containers in ECS.