Auditing and Compliance in DB2

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Auditing and compliance are critical aspects of database management, especially in the context of regulatory requirements and security. DB2, a powerful relational database management system, provides robust auditing capabilities to track and monitor various database activities. This tutorial will guide you through the process of setting up auditing, defining audit policies, and ensuring compliance with the necessary regulations in DB2.

Setting Up Auditing in DB2

Auditing in DB2 involves capturing and recording information about user activities and database events. Follow these steps to set up auditing in DB2:

1. Enable Auditing

By default, auditing is disabled in DB2. To enable it, set the "AUDIT" configuration parameter to ON. This will activate the auditing feature in the database.


2. Create Audit Policy

An audit policy defines the scope of auditing and what activities to track. Create an audit policy that specifies the tables, users, or database activities that need to be audited.


3. Apply Audit Policy to Database Objects

Once the audit policy is created, apply it to the relevant database objects. For example, you can apply the policy to specific tables or to all tables in a schema.

AUDIT TABLE my_schema.my_table USING POLICY my_audit_policy;

Monitoring and Reviewing Audit Data

After setting up auditing, DB2 will start capturing audit data. You can monitor and review this data to ensure compliance with regulatory requirements and identify potential security issues. Follow these steps to monitor and review audit data:

1. Query Audit Data

Use the "SELECT" statement to query the audit data stored in the DB2 system tables. You can retrieve information about user activities, access attempts, and other audited events.


2. Analyze Audit Data

Analyze the audit data regularly to identify any unusual activities or potential security breaches. By understanding the audit logs, you can take appropriate actions to address any security concerns.

Mistakes to Avoid

  • Not enabling auditing, leaving the database vulnerable to unauthorized activities.
  • Overlooking critical database activities in the audit policy, leading to incomplete tracking.
  • Not regularly reviewing audit data, missing important security incidents or compliance violations.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Q: Why is auditing important in DB2?
    A: Auditing is essential for tracking and monitoring user activities, ensuring compliance with regulations, and detecting potential security breaches.
  2. Q: Can I customize the audit policy to track specific database activities only?
    A: Yes, you can create custom audit policies to track specific categories of activities, such as read, write, and schema changes.
  3. Q: Is audit data stored permanently in DB2?
    A: The retention period for audit data can be configured. Once the retention period expires, old audit data may be automatically deleted.
  4. Q: Can auditing impact database performance?
    A: Enabling auditing can have a minor impact on database performance, as audit data needs to be recorded. It is important to balance auditing needs with performance considerations.
  5. Q: What are some common compliance standards that require database auditing?
    A: Common compliance standards that may require database auditing include GDPR, HIPAA, PCI DSS, and SOX.


Auditing and compliance in DB2 are essential for tracking and monitoring database activities, ensuring compliance with regulatory standards, and detecting potential security threats. By following the steps outlined in this tutorial and avoiding common mistakes, you can effectively set up auditing and review audit data to enhance the security and compliance of your DB2 database environment.