What is GitLab? - Tutorial

GitLab is a web-based DevOps platform that provides a complete solution for version control and code collaboration. It is built on Git, the popular distributed version control system. GitLab offers a wide range of features and tools that help developers manage their code, collaborate with teammates, and streamline the software development lifecycle.

Introduction to GitLab

GitLab provides a centralized repository for storing and managing code. It allows multiple developers to work on the same project simultaneously and keeps track of changes made to the codebase. GitLab also facilitates collaboration by enabling developers to review code, suggest changes, and merge branches.

Here's an example of a basic GitLab workflow:

$ git clone git@example.com:your-username/your-repository.git $ cd your-repository $ git checkout -b new-feature # Make changes to the code $ git add . $ git commit -m "Add new feature" $ git push origin new-feature

Getting Started with GitLab

To get started with GitLab, follow these steps:

Step 1: Create a GitLab Account

Go to the GitLab website and sign up for a new account. You can choose between the hosted version at https://gitlab.com or self-host GitLab on your own infrastructure.

Step 2: Create a New Project

Once you have an account, create a new project by clicking on the "New Project" button. Provide a name and description for your project, and choose the visibility level (public, internal, or private).

Step 3: Set up Git and Clone the Repository

Install Git on your local machine if you haven't already. Open a terminal or command prompt and clone the GitLab repository to your local system using the following command:

$ git clone git@example.com:your-username/your-repository.git

Step 4: Make Changes and Commit

Make changes to the code in your local repository using a text editor or an integrated development environment (IDE). Once you're done, stage the changes and commit them to your local repository using the following commands:

$ git add . $ git commit -m "Your commit message"

Step 5: Push Changes to GitLab

Push your local changes to the GitLab repository using the following command:

$ git push origin master

Common Mistakes with GitLab

  • Forgetting to add and commit changes before pushing.
  • Pushing directly to the master branch without creating a separate branch.
  • Not regularly pulling changes from the remote repository.
  • Sharing sensitive information, such as passwords or API keys, in public repositories.

FAQs about GitLab

  1. What is the difference between Git and GitLab?

    Git is a distributed version control system, while GitLab is a web-based platform that provides additional features like issue tracking, continuous integration, and collaboration tools built on top of Git.

  2. Can I host GitLab on my own server?

    Yes, GitLab can be self-hosted on your own infrastructure. You can download the GitLab Community Edition or choose the enterprise version for more advanced features.

  3. How can I collaborate with other developers on GitLab?

    GitLab provides features like merge requests, code review, and commenting on specific lines of code, which enable seamless collaboration among developers working on the same project.


GitLab is a powerful web-based DevOps platform that offers a comprehensive solution for version control and code collaboration. It simplifies the software development process by providing a centralized repository, tools for collaboration, and integration with other development tools. By following the steps outlined in this tutorial, you can get started with GitLab and take advantage of its features to improve your development workflow.