Overview of Python Turtle

Welcome to this tutorial on Python Turtle! Python Turtle is a built-in module in Python that provides a simple and interactive way to create graphics and drawings. It is an excellent tool for beginners to explore programming concepts visually and have fun while doing so. In this tutorial, we will walk you through the basics of Python Turtle, its commands, and how you can use it to create stunning visualizations and drawings.

Getting Started with Python Turtle

Before diving into Python Turtle, ensure you have Python installed on your system. Python Turtle comes pre-installed with the standard Python distribution, so you don't need to install any additional packages. To start using Python Turtle, you can import the turtle module in your Python script or interactive shell:

import turtle

Now, let's draw a simple square using Python Turtle:

import turtle

Exploring Python Turtle Commands

Python Turtle provides several commands to control the movement of the turtle, change its appearance, and create complex shapes. Some of the essential commands include:

  • turtle.forward(distance): Moves the turtle forward by the specified distance.
  • turtle.backward(distance): Moves the turtle backward by the specified distance.
  • turtle.right(angle): Rotates the turtle clockwise by the given angle (in degrees).
  • turtle.left(angle): Rotates the turtle counterclockwise by the given angle (in degrees).
  • turtle.penup(): Lifts the pen, so the turtle moves without drawing.
  • turtle.pendown(): Puts the pen down, so the turtle starts drawing again.
  • turtle.pensize(width): Sets the width of the pen for drawing.
  • turtle.pencolor(color): Sets the color of the pen.
  • turtle.fillcolor(color): Sets the fill color for shapes.
  • turtle.begin_fill(): Marks the beginning of a shape to be filled.
  • turtle.end_fill(): Marks the end of a shape to be filled.

Mistakes to Avoid

  • Forgetting to import the turtle module.
  • Not using turtle.done() or turtle.exitonclick() to keep the drawing window open.
  • Using the wrong angle or distance values in turtle movements.
  • Not lifting the pen when moving to a new location.
  • Overlapping shapes and lines without proper pen control.

FAQs about Python Turtle

  1. Can I change the speed of the turtle's movement?
    Yes, you can control the turtle's speed using the turtle.speed() command. The argument can be an integer between 1 and 10, with 1 being the slowest and 10 being the fastest.
  2. How can I draw a circle with Python Turtle?
    You can draw a circle using the turtle.circle(radius) command, where the radius specifies the size of the circle.
  3. Is it possible to create complex shapes with Python Turtle?
    Yes, Python Turtle allows you to create complex shapes by combining various movements and rotations. Experiment and explore to create intricate designs.
  4. Can I change the background color of the drawing window?
    Yes, you can set the background color using the turtle.bgcolor(color) command, where color can be a string representing a color name or a hexadecimal value.
  5. How can I save my drawing as an image?
    You can save your drawing using the turtle.getscreen().getcanvas().postscript(file="filename.ps") command. It will save the drawing as a PostScript file, which can then be converted to other formats if needed.


Python Turtle is a fun and interactive way to introduce programming and visualization to beginners. With simple commands and the ability to create various shapes, Python Turtle offers an excellent learning experience. Remember to avoid common mistakes and experiment with different commands to create beautiful and intricate drawings. Happy coding with Python Turtle!