Build Artifacts and Test Automation in AWS CodePipeline


AWS CodePipeline provides a seamless way to manage build artifacts and implement test automation in your continuous delivery pipeline. Build artifacts are the outputs generated during the build process, such as compiled code, packaged applications, or deployment artifacts. Test automation allows you to automatically execute tests on your application to ensure its quality and reliability. This tutorial will guide you through the steps to manage build artifacts and implement test automation in AWS CodePipeline.


  • An AWS account with access to AWS CodePipeline and the necessary services for your build and test processes (e.g., AWS CodeBuild, AWS Lambda, or third-party testing tools).
  • An existing AWS CodePipeline pipeline or the ability to create one.
  • A build specification or script for your build process.
  • Test scripts or configurations for your test automation.

Step-by-Step Tutorial

Step 1: Set Up Build Artifacts

1. Determine the artifacts you want to generate during the build process. These can include compiled code, packaged applications, configuration files, or any other files required for deployment.

2. Configure your build script or build specification to generate the desired artifacts as part of the build process. For example, in an AWS CodeBuild buildspec file, you can use the following command to package your application into a ZIP file:

aws cloudformation package --template-file template.yaml --s3-bucket my-bucket --output-template-file packaged-template.yaml

3. Ensure that the generated artifacts are stored in a location accessible to your pipeline, such as an Amazon S3 bucket or an artifact repository.

Step 2: Implement Test Automation

1. Determine the types of tests you want to automate, such as unit tests, integration tests, or end-to-end tests.

2. Configure your test scripts or test configurations to be executed as part of your pipeline's test stage. For example, in an AWS CodeBuild buildspec file, you can use the following command to run unit tests:

npm test

3. Integrate your chosen testing framework or tools with AWS CodePipeline. This can involve configuring test actions, setting up test environments, or integrating with third-party testing services.

Step 3: Configure CodePipeline

1. Open the AWS Management Console and navigate to the CodePipeline service.

2. Select the pipeline you want to configure for build artifacts and test automation or create a new pipeline.

3. In the build stage of your pipeline, specify the location of the build artifacts generated in Step 1. This could be an S3 bucket or an artifact repository.

4. In the test stage of your pipeline, configure the test actions to execute the tests defined in Step 2. This may involve specifying the testing framework, test scripts, or environment configurations.

5. Save the pipeline configuration.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

  • Not properly configuring the build script or build specification to generate the required artifacts.
  • Overlooking the inclusion of all necessary test scripts or configurations in the pipeline's test stage.
  • Forgetting to specify the correct locations or repositories for storing and accessing the build artifacts.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Q: Can I use third-party testing tools with AWS CodePipeline?
    A: Yes, AWS CodePipeline supports integration with various third-party testing tools and services, allowing you to use your preferred testing ecosystem.
  2. Q: Can I run different types of tests, such as unit tests and integration tests, in the same pipeline?
    A: Yes, you can configure different test actions or stages in your pipeline to execute various types of tests.
  3. Q: How can I parallelize or distribute my tests in AWS CodePipeline?
    A: AWS CodePipeline natively supports parallel test executions, allowing you to distribute your tests across multiple testing environments or instances.
  4. Q: Can I specify different environments for running tests, such as staging or production?
    A: Yes, you can configure separate test actions or stages in your pipeline to target different environments for running tests.
  5. Q: How can I view test results and logs in AWS CodePipeline?
    A: AWS CodePipeline provides detailed test execution logs and test result summaries, allowing you to analyze and troubleshoot test outcomes.


Managing build artifacts and implementing test automation in AWS CodePipeline ensures reliable and efficient software releases. By following the steps outlined in this tutorial, you can generate and store build artifacts, execute automated tests, and integrate them into your continuous delivery pipeline. Avoiding common mistakes and considering the FAQs provided will help you optimize your build and test processes, resulting in improved software quality and faster release cycles.