Custom Actions and Integrations in AWS CodePipeline


AWS CodePipeline offers a robust and flexible platform for building CI/CD pipelines. While it provides several built-in actions for common tasks, there may be situations where you need custom actions or integrations to meet your specific requirements. In this tutorial, we will explore how to create custom actions and integrations in AWS CodePipeline, allowing you to extend its functionality and tailor your CI/CD workflows to your unique needs.


  • An AWS account with access to AWS CodePipeline and the necessary permissions to create custom actions and integrations.
  • Basic knowledge of programming languages and AWS services you plan to integrate with CodePipeline.
  • Existing CI/CD pipelines in AWS CodePipeline or the ability to create new ones.

Step-by-Step Tutorial

Step 1: Define the Custom Action

1. Identify the specific task or integration you want to implement as a custom action in AWS CodePipeline. For example, you may want to create a custom action to integrate with a third-party testing tool.

2. Create an AWS Lambda function or set up an external service to handle the custom action's logic. This function or service will be responsible for performing the desired task or integration.

3. In the AWS Management Console, navigate to the AWS CodePipeline service and select the pipeline where you want to add the custom action.

4. Add a new stage to the pipeline or select an existing stage where the custom action should be executed.

5. Click on the "Add action" button within the stage and configure the action details:

  • Action category: Custom
  • Action provider: Enter a unique name for your custom action provider
  • Input artifacts: Specify the artifacts required for the custom action
  • Configuration: Provide any necessary configuration parameters for the custom action
  • Output artifacts: Define the artifacts generated by the custom action
  • Region: Select the AWS region where your custom action resources are located

Step 2: Implement the Custom Action

1. Implement the logic for your custom action in the AWS Lambda function or external service you created earlier. This logic could include interacting with third-party APIs, performing specific tasks, or integrating with external systems.

2. Ensure that your custom action receives input artifacts from the previous stage and generates output artifacts if necessary. The artifacts serve as inputs and outputs for the custom action's logic.

3. Test your custom action thoroughly to ensure it performs as expected and integrates seamlessly with the rest of your pipeline.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

  • Insufficient testing of the custom action, leading to unexpected behavior or errors during pipeline execution.
  • Not considering security best practices when handling sensitive data or credentials within the custom action.
  • Overcomplicating the custom action's logic or implementation, making it difficult to maintain and troubleshoot.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Q: Can I create multiple custom actions within the same pipeline?
    A: Yes, you can create multiple custom actions within the same pipeline, allowing you to integrate with multiple external services or perform different custom tasks.
  2. Q: Can I reuse custom actions across different pipelines?
    A: Yes, custom actions can be reused across different pipelines, providing consistency and reducing duplication of effort.
  3. Q: How can I monitor the execution of custom actions in AWS CodePipeline?
    A: AWS CodePipeline provides detailed logs and execution history for each custom action, allowing you to monitor and troubleshoot their execution.
  4. Q: Can I version and manage my custom actions in AWS CodePipeline?
    A: Yes, you can use versioning and management features within AWS CodePipeline to control and track changes to your custom actions.
  5. Q: Can I create custom actions that integrate with AWS Step Functions?
    A: Yes, you can create custom actions that interact with AWS Step Functions, allowing you to orchestrate complex workflows and incorporate custom logic into your pipelines.


By leveraging custom actions and integrations in AWS CodePipeline, you can extend its functionality and tailor your CI/CD workflows to meet specific requirements. This tutorial provided a step-by-step guide on how to create custom actions in CodePipeline, along with common mistakes to avoid and frequently asked questions. With custom actions, you can integrate with external services, perform specialized tasks, and create unique automation workflows, enhancing the power and flexibility of AWS CodePipeline.