Load Balancing with Azure Load Balancer in AKS Tutorial


Load balancing plays a crucial role in distributing network traffic across multiple instances of an application to enhance performance, availability, and scalability. In Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS), Azure Load Balancer is a powerful tool that enables load balancing for your containerized applications. In this tutorial, we will explore how to configure load balancing with Azure Load Balancer in AKS and ensure efficient distribution of traffic across your application's pods.

Step 1: Create an AKS Cluster

The first step is to create an AKS cluster using the Azure portal, Azure CLI, or Azure PowerShell. Here's an example of creating an AKS cluster using the Azure CLI:

az aks create --resource-group my-resource-group --name my-aks-cluster --node-count 3 --generate-ssh-keys

Step 2: Deploy and Expose an Application

Next, deploy your application to the AKS cluster and expose it as a Kubernetes service. This will ensure that the application's pods are accessible within the cluster. Here's an example of deploying an application and exposing it as a service using a YAML manifest file:

kubectl apply -f my-app.yaml

Common Mistakes to Avoid

  • Not exposing the application as a service: Forgetting to expose the application as a service prevents the Load Balancer from routing traffic to the application's pods.
  • Incorrect port configuration: Ensure that the service's target port and port mapping match the application's configuration to enable successful load balancing.
  • Insufficient replicas: Having a single replica of the application limits the effectiveness of load balancing. Ensure that your application has multiple replicas to take advantage of load distribution.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. What is Azure Load Balancer?

    Azure Load Balancer is a Layer 4 load balancer that distributes incoming network traffic across multiple backend resources, such as pods in an AKS cluster, to improve availability and scale applications.

  2. How does Azure Load Balancer work with AKS?

    Azure Load Balancer is integrated with AKS and can be used to distribute traffic across multiple pods in a service. It ensures that the traffic is evenly distributed and provides high availability.

  3. Can I use session affinity with Azure Load Balancer?

    Yes, Azure Load Balancer supports session affinity (also known as sticky sessions) to direct requests from a client to the same backend pod, ensuring session state consistency.

  4. How can I scale my application with Azure Load Balancer?

    Azure Load Balancer can automatically scale your application by adjusting the number of backend instances based on metrics such as CPU utilization or request count.

  5. Can I use Azure Load Balancer with external traffic?

    Yes, Azure Load Balancer can be used to expose applications to external traffic by configuring a public IP address and appropriate NAT rules.


Azure Load Balancer provides efficient load balancing capabilities for your containerized applications in Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS). By creating an AKS cluster, deploying your application, and exposing it as a service, you can leverage Azure Load Balancer to distribute traffic across multiple pods and achieve high availability and scalability. Avoid common mistakes such as not exposing the application as a service or incorrect port configuration. With Azure Load Balancer, you can optimize the performance and reliability of your AKS-based applications.