Working with Docker Containers Tutorial


Docker containers have revolutionized the way we build, package, and deploy applications. Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) provides a powerful platform for managing and orchestrating containerized workloads. In this tutorial, you will learn how to work with Docker containers in AKS, from building container images to deploying and managing them in a Kubernetes cluster.

Step 1: Install Docker

Before you can work with Docker containers, you need to have Docker installed on your local machine or development environment. Follow the Docker documentation to install Docker for your operating system.

Step 2: Build a Docker Image

To build a Docker image, you need a Dockerfile that defines the instructions for building the image. Here's an example Dockerfile for a simple web application:

FROM node:14-alpine
COPY package*.json ./
RUN npm install
COPY . .
CMD ["npm", "start"]

Save the Dockerfile in your application's root directory. Open a terminal or command prompt, navigate to the application directory, and run the following command to build the Docker image:

docker build -t myapp:1.0 .

This command builds the Docker image with the tag "myapp:1.0" using the current directory as the build context.

Step 3: Push the Docker Image to a Registry

To deploy the Docker image to AKS, you need to push it to a container registry. Azure Container Registry (ACR) is a popular choice for storing and managing Docker images. Follow the Azure documentation to create an Azure Container Registry.

After creating the registry, authenticate Docker to the registry using the following command:

docker login -u -p

Replace with the name of your Azure Container Registry, and provide your username and password. Finally, push the Docker image to the registry using the following command:

docker push

This command pushes the Docker image to the specified container registry with the appropriate tag.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

  • Not properly configuring the Dockerfile, resulting in build errors or incorrect container configurations.
  • Forgetting to tag the Docker image correctly, leading to confusion during deployment.
  • Using an insecure or publicly accessible container registry, compromising the security of your Docker images.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. What is the difference between a Docker image and a Docker container?

    A Docker image is a read-only template used to create Docker containers. A Docker container is a running instance of a Docker image.

  2. Can I run multiple containers in a single Docker image?

    No, a Docker image is designed to contain a single application or service. It is recommended to follow the single responsibility principle and use multiple Docker images for different components.

  3. How can I scale Docker containers in AKS?

    In AKS, you can scale Docker containers by adjusting the replica count of the associated Kubernetes Deployment or StatefulSet.

  4. What is the difference between a container registry and a container runtime?

    A container registry is a repository for storing and managing Docker images, while a container runtime is responsible for running and managing Docker containers. Azure Container Registry is an example of a container registry, while Docker is a popular container runtime.

  5. Can I deploy pre-built Docker images from public registries to AKS?

    Yes, you can deploy pre-built Docker images from public registries like Docker Hub to AKS by referencing the image in your Kubernetes deployment manifests.


Working with Docker containers in Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) allows you to leverage the benefits of containerization and Kubernetes orchestration. By following the steps outlined in this tutorial, you can build Docker images, push them to a container registry, and deploy them to AKS. Docker and AKS together provide a powerful platform for building and managing scalable, containerized applications.