Service Discovery with Azure DNS in AKS Tutorial


Service discovery is a critical component of modern microservices architectures. It allows services to locate and communicate with each other dynamically. In Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS), Azure DNS can be leveraged for service discovery by providing a DNS-based naming system for your services. In this tutorial, we will explore how to implement service discovery with Azure DNS in AKS and enable seamless communication between services within your cluster.

Step 1: Create an Azure DNS Zone

The first step is to create an Azure DNS zone that will be used for service discovery. You can create a DNS zone using the Azure portal, Azure CLI, or Azure PowerShell. Here's an example of creating a DNS zone using the Azure CLI:

az network dns zone create --name --resource-group my-resource-group

Step 2: Configure DNS Records

Once you have created the DNS zone, you need to configure DNS records for your services. Each service in your AKS cluster will have a corresponding DNS record that maps to the service's IP address. You can create DNS records manually or use tools like Azure DNS Zone Operator or external-dns to automate the process. Here's an example of creating a DNS record for a service named "my-service" in the "" DNS zone:

az network dns record-set a add-record --zone-name --record-set-name my-service --ipv4-address

Common Mistakes to Avoid

  • Missing DNS zone configuration: Forgetting to create the Azure DNS zone or misconfiguring the DNS records can lead to service discovery issues.
  • Incorrect DNS record mappings: Ensure that the DNS records accurately map to the IP addresses of your services to enable proper service discovery.
  • Not updating DNS records: If services change their IP addresses, make sure to update the corresponding DNS records to ensure accurate service discovery.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. What is service discovery in AKS?

    Service discovery in AKS refers to the ability of services to dynamically discover and communicate with each other using DNS-based naming.

  2. How does Azure DNS enable service discovery in AKS?

    Azure DNS provides a DNS-based naming system for services in AKS, allowing them to be discovered and accessed using their DNS names.

  3. Can I use a custom domain with Azure DNS for service discovery?

    Yes, you can configure Azure DNS with a custom domain to enable service discovery with your own domain name.

  4. How are DNS records updated in Azure DNS?

    DNS records can be updated manually using the Azure portal or programmatically using Azure CLI, Azure PowerShell, or DNS management APIs.

  5. Can I use Azure DNS for external service discovery?

    Azure DNS is primarily designed for internal service discovery within AKS clusters. For external service discovery, you may consider using other solutions like Azure Traffic Manager or API gateways.


Azure DNS provides a powerful service discovery mechanism for Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) by enabling DNS-based communication between services within your cluster. By creating an Azure DNS zone and configuring DNS records for your services, you can achieve seamless and dynamic service discovery. Avoid common mistakes such as missing DNS zone configuration or incorrect DNS record mappings. With Azure DNS, you can enhance the scalability and resilience of your microservices architecture in AKS.